Influence of climate change on flood and drought cycles and implications on rainy season characteristics in Luvuvhu River Catchment

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dc.contributor.advisor Odiyo, J. O.
dc.contributor.advisor Makungo, R.
dc.contributor.advisor Nkuna, T. R.
dc.contributor.author Dagada, K.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-22T08:02:33Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-22T08:02:33Z
dc.date.issued 2017-09-18
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/870
dc.description MESHWR
dc.description Department of Hydrology and Water Resources
dc.description.abstract This study dealt with the influence of climate variability on flood and drought cycles and implications on rainy season characteristics in Luvuvhu River Catchment (LRC) in Limpopo of South Africa. Extreme weather events resulting in hazards such as floods and droughts are becoming more frequent due to climate change. Extreme events affect rainy season characteristics and hence have an influence on water availability and agricultural production. Annual temperature was obtained from Water Research Commission for stations 0723485W, 0766628W and 0766898W from 1950-2013 were used to show/or confirm if there is climate variability in LRC. Daily rainfall data was obtained from SAWS for stations 0766596 9, 0766563 1, 0723485 6 and 0766715 5 were used to detect climate variability and determine the onset, duration and cessation of the rainy season. Streamflow data obtained from the Department of Water and Sanitation for stations A9H004, A9H012, and A9H001 for at least a period of 30 years for each station were used for climate variability detection and determination of flood and drought cycles. Influence of climate variability on floods and droughts and rainy season characteristic were determined in the area of study. Trends were evaluated for temperature, rainfall and streamflow data in the area of study using Mann Kendall (MK) and linear regression (LR) methods. MK and LR detected positive trends for temperature (maximum and minimum) and streamflow stations. MK and LR results of rainfall stations showed increasing trends for stations 0766596 9, and 0766563 1 whereas stations 0723485 6 and 0766715 5 showed decreasing trends. Standardized precipitation index (SPI) was used to determine floods and droughts cycles. SPI results have been classified either as moderately, severely and extremely dry or, moderately, very and extremely wet. This SPI analysis provides more details of dominance of distinctive dry or wet conditions for a rainy season at a particular station. Mean onset of rainfall varied from day 255 to 297, with 0766715 5 showing the earliest onset compared to the rest of the stations. Cessation of rainfall for most of the hydrological years was higher than the mean days of 88, 83 and 86 days in 0766596 9, 0766563 1 and 0723485 6 stations. Mean duration of rainfall varied from 102 to 128, with station 0766715 5 showing shortest duration of rainfall. The results of the study showed that the mean onset, duration and cessation were comparable for all stations except 0766715 5 which had lower values. The study also found that climate variability greatly affects onset, duration and cessation of rainfall during dry years. This led to late onset, early cessation and relatively short duration of the rainfall season. Communities within the catchment must be educated to practice activities such as conservation of indigenous plants, reduce carbon dioxide emissions. en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xii, 98 leaves : illustrations, maps)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Influence en_US
dc.subject Climate Change en_US
dc.subject Flood en_US
dc.subject Drought Cycles en_US
dc.subject Rainy seasons en_US
dc.subject.ddc 632.10968257
dc.subject.lcsh Climate changes -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Global temperature changes
dc.subject.lcsh Rainfall anomalies -- South Africa -- Limpopo.
dc.subject.lcsh Precipitation variability -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Droughts -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Waether
dc.subject.lcsh Rain and rainfall -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Climatology -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Floods -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.title Influence of climate change on flood and drought cycles and implications on rainy season characteristics in Luvuvhu River Catchment en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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