Compliance level of street food vendors regarding food hygiene and safety in Thulamela Local Municipality

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dc.contributor.advisor Akinsola, A. H.
dc.contributor.advisor Tshitangano, T. G.
dc.contributor.author Mukwevho, Michael Nngodiseni
dc.date 2018
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-06T07:57:12Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-06T07:57:12Z
dc.date.issued 2018-05-18
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1142
dc.description MPH
dc.description Department of Public Health
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Street food vending is a source of income for billions of people around the world. In most developing countries, including South Africa street food is popular. However, most street food has been linked to outbreaks of foodborne illness. The assessment was based on the general hygiene requirement stipulated in R962 of November 2012 framed under Foodstuff cosmetics and Disinfectant Act of 1972 Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess compliance of street food vendors with food and safety regulations in Thulamela Municipality. Method: The study used a quantitative, cross- sectional survey, descriptive design. A convenience sampling was used to sample 155 street food vendors. Data was collected using two instruments; namely, a self-administered questionnaire and an observation checklist. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 23.Validity and Reliability will be ensured and measures to ensure ethical considerations were adhered to. Results: A total of 155 street food vendors participated in the study. Most of the street food vendors were in the age group 25- 30 years. There were more females than males. Furthermore, the majority of street food vendors had experience of 5-10 years. The majority (n=61; 39.4%) of street food vendors were operating in Thohoyandou, while some (n=25.8%)operated in Sibasa and forty others (25.8%) operated in Shayandima. Forty-five (29%) of them were illiterate, fifty (32, 3%) did primary education, thirty two (20.6%) had secondary education, four (2.6%) had a matric certification and twenty- four (15.5%) had vocational training. More than half of the In regard to knowledge items on preventing foodborne vendors (n=100; 64.5%) did not attend food hygiene training while (n=55; 35.5%) did. Lastly about a third most (n=48; 31%) of the street food vendors were selling their food in the transport terminals. The survey results indicate that street food vendors exhibited high levels of knowledge regarding items pertaining to hand hygiene. Therefore street food vendors were highly knowledgeable with regard to how much time should be spent when washing hands with soap, the correct way of stopping bleeding while at work, important measures to keep germs away from the food, hand washing and methods of drying hands. However, the street food vendors displayed poor knowledge with regard to reasons why they should dry their hands. Regarding knowledge items on preventing foodborne illnesses, the street food vendors were knowledgeable about the symptoms that make a street food vendors stay away from the workplace, that the best way to destroy any harmful germs is to cook food to the right temperature, that a combination of washing hands, using gloves and keeping food at the right temperature are ways of preventing food borne illnesses. However, street food vendors displayed some knowledge gaps with regard to the correct detergents for washing vessels and why food handlers require some knowledge on food hygiene. A total of 155 vending stalls were observed. The results from the checklist indicated that three quarters (n=116; 75%) of the stalls were protected from the sun, wind and dust. In addition, about (n=136; 87.7%) of the stalls did not have direct access to potable water. Furthermore, about (115; 74.2 %) did not have adequate hand washing facilities and 141(91%) did not have waste disposal facilities. Animals, flies and insects were indeed evident around the stalls in 124(80%) of the 155 stalls. In addition the majority of street food handlers (136; 87.7%) did not wash their hands before preparing food. Regarding hand washing after using toilet, all of the vendors said that they washed their hands each time after visiting the toilet. This was not confirmed as the researcher did not follow the vendors into the toilets. More than three quarters (120; 77%) of the food handlers operated in clean clothes. However, only 39(25%) used an apron when handling food, while 124(80%) did not use gloves to handle food and only 24(15%) used disposable gloves. Although the street food vendors complied with wearing clean clothes, they did not consistently wear aprons and they also used bare hands to touch food. Conclusion: Although the street food vendors were knowledgeable about food hygiene and safety practices, the majority displayed poor hygienic practice and prepared food on unhygienic sites. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (x, 67 leaves : Chiefly color illustrations, color plates)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Compliance en_US
dc.subject Street foods en_US
dc.subject Street food vendors en_US
dc.subject Food hygiene en_US
dc.subject Food safety en_US
dc.subject.ddc 381.180968257
dc.subject.lcsh Merchants -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Businesspeople -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Peddler and peddling -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Vending stands -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Street vendors -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Food handling -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.title Compliance level of street food vendors regarding food hygiene and safety in Thulamela Local Municipality en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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