The nutritional status of children less than 5 years receiving child support grant in Mogalakwena Municipality, Waterberg District, Limpopo Province, South Africa

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dc.contributor.advisor Mbhenyane, X. G.
dc.contributor.author Kekana, Matipa Johannah
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-05T06:10:28Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-05T06:10:28Z
dc.date.issued 2018-05-18
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1097
dc.description MSCPNT
dc.description Department of Nutrition
dc.description.abstract Objectives: The study objectives were to determine demographic and environmental factors that can affect nutritional status of children receiving CSG, to assess the nutritional knowledge of caregivers, to determine the proportion of CSG spent on food and to determine the nutritional quality of food bought from CSG. Design: Cross-sectional descriptive with an analytical component Subjects: PCG of children under the age of 5 receiving CSG in Mogalakwena Municipality. 189 caregiver-child pairs were interviewed, in their households. Methods: Data collected by the interviewer included demographic data, Use of CSG, nutritional knowledge and the HHFI and anthropometric measurements were done by a 3rd year Nutrition student. Results: About 36.5% of participants were in the age 26-35 years, 75.7% were unmarried, 84.1% were unemployed and 72% had no matric. Mean age for children studied was 2.84±1.33, 77.8% of participants stayed in a household of more than 5 people. In terms of types of housing, 56% had formal houses, 55% had access to pit latrines and 52.9% used communal taps to access water, 41.3% used electricity for energy while 23.3% used wood to stretch the availability of electricity. Mean CSG received was R386.22 ±R208.75. Majority of participants (56.1%) indicated that CSG supports the whole family and 64.6% of the families depended solely on CSG for survival, while 27% of families had elderly people receiving pension grant which was supplementing the CSG. The CSG was used for different items, majority of families used 94.2% of the money for food at a mean of R171.55±159.25, followed by toiletry (71.6%) at a mean R61.89±69.24, then clothing (68.9%) at a mean of R70.77±97.14. Stokvel was also mentioned as one of the items contributed for by CSG, 32.3% of participants used more than R50.00 for stokvel. Different food items were purchased using CSG, 80.5 % of the money was used to purchase starchy food, mealie meal being the highest commodity at 43.7%. Offal (35.8%) was the highest protein source purchased followed by poultry at 26.4% and soya soup at 20%. Potatoes (19.6%) were mentioned as the most purchased vegetable, followed by cabbage (14.8%). There was a 53.5% of prevalence of stunting, of this 19.6% of children were severely xiii stunted, 5.3% underweight, and 32.3% of wasting. There were 22.1 % of PCG who were overweight and 12.1% were obese. The PCG BMI was negatively associated with WAZ (r= -0.48, p=0.515). There was a positive association between PCG BMI and HAZ (r=0.103, p=0.158), however when caregivers BMI was correlated to BAZ the association was strongly negatively significant (r=0.206, p=0.004). Most PCG received nutrition education from relatives, 71.1% were never educated on nutrition, 57.9% of children were fed 3X/ day. Conclusion: It is apparent from the study that malnutrition, precisely stunting is still a problem in South Africa, however this does not disregard the impact that CSG has on the lives of the poor. It affords the families to access basic needs in the household such as food, toiletry, electricity and even stokvel. The role of nutritionists/ dieticians is paramount in helping mothers to choose healthier economic food for the children in order to curb the burden of malnutrition. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xiii, 84 leaves : color illustrations, color maps)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Malnutrition en_US
dc.subject Under-nutrition en_US
dc.subject Child support grant en_US
dc.subject Household food security en_US
dc.subject Caregivers en_US
dc.subject.ddc 613.20968253
dc.subject.lcsh Children -- Nursing -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Nutrition policy -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Parental feeding of children -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Children -- Nutritional aspects
dc.subject.lcsh Children -- Diseases -- Nutritional aspects
dc.subject.lcsh Malnutrition in children -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Children welfare -- Finance -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Grants-in -aid -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Child support -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Economic assistance, Domestic -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.title The nutritional status of children less than 5 years receiving child support grant in Mogalakwena Municipality, Waterberg District, Limpopo Province, South Africa en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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