Strategies for acquiring intercultural competences among postgraduate students at a rural-based university in South Africa

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dc.contributor.advisor Francis, J.
dc.contributor.advisor Hagenmeier, C. A.
dc.contributor.advisor Nyamukondiwa, P.
dc.contributor.author Mathebula, Forget
dc.date 2021
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-02T08:28:28Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-02T08:28:28Z
dc.date.issued 2021-06-23
dc.identifier.citation Mathebula, Forget (2021) Strategies for acquiring intercultural competences among postgraduate students at a rural-based university in South Africa. University of Venda, South Africa.<http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1725>
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1725
dc.description MRDV en_ZA
dc.description Institute for Rural Development
dc.description.abstract The need for acquiring intercultural competencies (ICs) among postgraduate students increased drastically in the 21st Century. This was in response to the need for graduates from higher education institutions (HEIs) to be equipped with skills that enable them to work in diverse cultural settings. Thus, HEIs had to increase their efforts and develop strategies that enhance the acquisition of ICs. Despite the high demand for the acquisition of ICs, rural-based universities (RBUs) continue to find it difficult to promote it. The main objective of this study was to analyse the strategies used to acquire ICs by postgraduate students at a selected rural-based university in South Africa. The specific objectives were to (a) assess the extent of acquisition of cognitive, affective and behavioural ICs among masters and doctoral students, (b) explore the strategies postgraduate students use to acquire ICs; and (c) to determine the major strategies used to acquire ICs. In this research, an explanatory sequential mixed methods design was adopted to guide the study. A total of 104 Masters and PhD students from the University of Venda voluntarily responded to a research questionnaire sent to them electronically via Survey Monkey. The questionnaire had both open-ended and closed-ended questions and required responses on a Likert-type scale of 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). Data were stored as Microsoft Excel sheets. The data were transferred into the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25.0. Correlation analysis was conducted to quantify the responses provided by male and female as well as both Masters and PhD students on how they relate to one another. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the perceptions of female and male students. The major factors that hindered the acquisition of intercultural competencies were the lack of participation in student's programmes. Moreover, there's too much politics in students programmes and lack of social cohesion programmes that promote social interaction among students. Acquisition of ICs was regarded as the best opportunity for one to gain experience outside the classroom. Students believed that acquiring ICs through established networks and collaborations prepares one to compete internationally and be recognized by international companies leading to good employment prospects. Student development-focused workshops were said to be crucial in acquiring ICs. Internships and field placements were rated the second most important strategies. The level of the study did not affect the perceived extent of acquisition of ICs. Moreover, there was a consensus that gender did not influence the acquisition of ICs. Results revealed that there is a need to strengthen and support current strategies to enable the smooth acquisition of IC components by students. Initiatives that address political and cultural intolerance, and promotes social cohesion, would help students to acquire ICs. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_ZA
dc.format.extent 1 online resource ( x, 59 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Behaviours en_ZA
dc.subject Culture en_ZA
dc.subject Intercultural education en_ZA
dc.subject Intercultual sensitivity en_ZA
dc.subject Rural-based university en_ZA
dc.subject.ddc 379.15071168257
dc.subject.lcsh Intercultural communication -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Education, Higher -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh College students -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Students -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Culture shock -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Culture -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Educational equalization
dc.subject.lcsh Cross-cultural orientation -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.title Strategies for acquiring intercultural competences among postgraduate students at a rural-based university in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Dissertation en_ZA

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