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Determinants of sustainability of youth-owned small retail businesses in rural areas of Makhado Local Municipality

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dc.contributor.advisor Oloo, G. B.
dc.contributor.advisor Francis, J.
dc.contributor.advisor Muzekenyi, M.
dc.contributor.author Maake, Rofhiwa
dc.date 2021
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-01T09:09:27Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-01T09:09:27Z
dc.date.issued 2021-06-23
dc.identifier.citation Maake, Rofhiwa (2021) Determinants of sustainability of youth-owned small retail businesses in rural areas of Makhado Local Municipality. University of Venda, South Africa.<http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1720>
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1720
dc.description Institute for Rural Development en_ZA
dc.description MRDV
dc.description.abstract Youth-owned small retail businesses in rural areas are perceived as a potential panacea for poverty, unemployment and agents of socio-economic integration. However, most of them often fail to reach their full potential. The businesses face several challenges, including lack of finance and entrepreneurial skills. Consequently, they fail to survive and grow. The current study examined the factors that influence the sustainability of youth-owned small retail (Spaza) businesses in Ha-Mulima village, in Makhado Local Municipality. An exploratory sequential mixed methods research design was used. The results of the first phase of the study, which was qualitative, were used to design and collect data during the second phase. The respondents were selected following the purposive sampling procedure. Data were collected using both open-ended and closed-ended questions in a face to face interviews. Qualitative data were analyzed using the Atlas.ti version 8.0 software. Quantitative data collected from phase 2 were analyzed using the IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 25.0. Descrptive statistics such as means and standard deviations were calculated. Non-parametric data analysis was conducted. Specifically, the Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney tests were conducted. Results showed that most youth who owned businesses were 31-35 years old, male, educated, single and had no children. A considerable number of factors enabled and constrained the sustainability of youth-owned small business. The need for introducing programmes aimed at raising awareness regarding funding agencies and criteria used to determine eligibility for youth intending to start small businesses was revealed. Further more the findings revealed that It is crucial to adopt local level policies and strategic interventions that enhance the attainment of the desired sustainable youth-owned small retail businesses in the rural areas. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_ZA
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xvii, 86 leaves) : color illustrations, color maps
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Determinants en_ZA
dc.subject Small retail businesses en_ZA
dc.subject Sustainability en_ZA
dc.subject Youth en_ZA
dc.subject Youth - owned en_ZA
dc.title Determinants of sustainability of youth-owned small retail businesses in rural areas of Makhado Local Municipality en_ZA
dc.type Dissertation en_ZA


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