Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour towards HIV/AIDS among youth in Namakgale Township in Mopani District, Limpopo Province, South Africa

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dc.contributor.advisor Akinsola, H. A.
dc.contributor.advisor Goon, D. T.
dc.contributor.author Netshivhuyu, Gudani
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-14T09:25:40Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-14T09:25:40Z
dc.date.issued 2017-09-18
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/960
dc.description MPH
dc.description Department of Public Health
dc.description.abstract Background: Young people in sub-Saharan Africa are most-at risk of HIV infection. This elevated risk in the young black population may be explained by the lack of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes towards the epidemic and risky sexual behaviours. Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and behaviour among youth towards HIV infection and to explore the possible aetiological factors associated with the youth’s vulnerability to HIV infection. Methods and materials: This survey adopted a descriptive, cross-sectional design and a quantitative approach.The survey population comprised of all youth aged 15-24 years visiting two Namakgale clinics. An expected sample of (n=152) youths was recruited through convenience sampling. Pretesting of the questionnaire was conducted on 15 youths at Mashishimale Clinic. Data was collected using self-completed questionnaire. The data was captured using Microsoft Excel and then analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 22. Results: Knowledge on HIV: The majority (77%) of the respondents could distinguish HIV and AIDS and had knowledge that HIV could cause AIDS. The majority of respondents (80%) had knowledge of how HIV was transmitted. The majority of the respondents, (84.9%) knew that HIV/AIDS could not be cured. However, misconceptions about HIV transmission still exist for example, 13.2 % of youth stated that mosquito bites could transmit HIV and whilst 22.4% believed that witchcraft could cause HIV. The main source of HIV information was television (89%). Attitudes towards PLHIV: About 82.9% disagreed that all PLHIV should live away from Namakgale while 72. 4% stated that if their relative had HIV they would care for them. Overall, Namakgale youth held positive attitudes towards PLHIV. Risky sexual behaviours: About 61.8% of females, compared to their male counterparts (38.2%) ever had sex. 61.8% of females compared to 50.0% of males have had sex before their 15th birthday. 36.5% have had 3-5 lifetime sexual partners in comparison to 29.6% of their female counterparts. 44.2% of males did not use condoms at last sex compared to their female counterparts (33.3%). iv Recommendations: There is an urgent need for intensifying awareness campaigns on HIV and AIDS as well as school-based interventions for youths who still harbour myths and misconceptions about HIV transmission. Policy makers and the media should focus more on late adolescents (15- 19 years) risky sexual practices such as intergeneration sex (age group between sexual partners is 10 years or more), transactional sex etc. en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xi, 126 leaves)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Attitude en_US
dc.subject Behaviour en_US
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.subject Knowledge en_US
dc.subject Transmission en_US
dc.subject Youth en_US
dc.subject.ddc 362.19697920968257
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh HIV infections -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) -- Patients -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh HIV-positive persons -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Teenagers -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Youth -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Safe sex in AIDS prevention -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.title Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour towards HIV/AIDS among youth in Namakgale Township in Mopani District, Limpopo Province, South Africa en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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