Nutritional practices and health status of health care workers in Makhado Municipality of Limpopo Province, South Africa

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dc.contributor.advisor Mushaphi, L. F.
dc.contributor.advisor Masia, T. A.
dc.contributor.author Masala, Itani Faith
dc.date 2022
dc.date.accessioned 2022-09-14T18:54:54Z
dc.date.available 2022-09-14T18:54:54Z
dc.date.issued 2022-07-15
dc.identifier.citation Masala, I. F. (2022) Nutritional practices and health status of health care workers in Makhado Municipality of Limpopo Province, South Africa. University of Venda. South Africa.<http://hdl.handle.net/11602/2269>.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/2269
dc.description MSCPNT en_ZA
dc.description Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
dc.description.abstract Background: Health care workers spend 80% of their time daily at work and workplaces are sedentary settings for many workers. Energy-dense food and beverages are commonly consumed, resulting in increased overweight and obesity, which are health-risk factors, especially for non-communicable diseases. The study aimed to describe the nutritional practices and health status of health care workers in the Makhado municipality. Methodology: Cross-sectional survey design using a quantitative research method was applied. Study participants were health care workers who were registered with professional boards and working in the health facilities at the Makhado municipality. A total of 336 health care workers were randomly selected from 25 health care facilities across the municipality. Data were analysed by description and inferential statistics using version 2020 of the statistical package for social sciences. Results: The current study indicates that 62% of total participants was obese, 26% was overweight, 18.2% had body fat percentage in the overweight range and a total of 67.6% of participants had a total body fat percentage in the obese range. More than two-thirds (at 72%) of total participants had waist circumference above normal. Biochemically, there were disorders of blood glucose, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein among participants. The majority of female participants and 45% of male participants prepared their meals and they usually ate home-prepared breakfast and lunch while at work. About 60% of participants in both groups ate three meals a day, and 34% of male and 27% of female participants ate food from takeaway restaurants once a week. Above half (at 54.1%) of female participants and 39% of male participants had very good lifestyle habits. The majority of participants in both groups had fair and poor nutritional knowledge (with male = 80.7%, female = 83.6%). Conclusion: The majority of participants had acceptable nutritional practices, except 30.1% of participants who skipped meals. Health status is of high concern because very few of the total participants had normal weight. The majority of participants had abdominal obesity and there were participants with disorders in biochemical and clinical parameters. en_ZA
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_ZA
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (viii, 113 leaves) ; color illustrations
dc.language.iso en en_ZA
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Nutritional practices en_ZA
dc.subject Health Status en_ZA
dc.subject Health care workers en_ZA
dc.subject Health care facilities en_ZA
dc.subject Local municipality en_ZA
dc.subject.ddc 613.20968257
dc.subject.lcsh Nutrition -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Food -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Diet -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Obesity -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Medical care -- South Africa -- South Africa
dc.title Nutritional practices and health status of health care workers in Makhado Municipality of Limpopo Province, South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Dissertation en_ZA

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