Investigation of municipal solid waste management: a case study of Vhembe District Municipality, South Africa

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dc.contributor.advisor Mulaudzi, R.,
dc.contributor.advisor Ogola, J. S.
dc.contributor.author Mathako, Khodani
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-21T12:45:53Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-21T12:45:53Z
dc.date.issued 2019-09-20
dc.identifier.citation Mathako, Khodani (2019) Investigation of municipal solid waste management: a case study of Vhembe District Municipality, South Africa, University of Venda, South Africa.<http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1488>.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1488
dc.description MENVSC
dc.description Department of Ecology and Resource Management
dc.description.abstract The main objective of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of municipal solid waste management system, its potential implication in Vhembe District Municipality, South Africa and to recommend strategies for effective management of municipal solid waste in the district. To achieve this, structured questionnaires, interviews, field observations and focus group discussions were used to collect primary data within the district. The study focused on the four local municipalities: Makhado, Thulamela, Musina and Collins Chabane. Desktop study was also undertaken to gather secondary data by reviewing journals, technical reports, books and articles. The study adopted a mixed method approach comprising of triangulation of qualitative and quantitative design. The target groups of the study were selected through purposive sampling. The respondents in the study were 21 officials from local municipalities including directors, waste managers, superintendents, landfill supervisor and interns. Data was collected using focus group interviews and questionnaires and analysed using descriptive statistics which involve the presentation of numerical facts, or data, in either tables or graphs form. Municipalities in the district are producing a considerable amount of solid waste. Municipalities do not adhere to the existing guidelines on waste minimization at source, for example; they do not have zero waste strategy (3R) reduce, reuse and recycle, which is the highest priority of the National Waste Management Policy. Lack of the application of existing waste management policy leads to large amount of solid waste eventually ending up in landfill sites. The study recommends to municipalities to develop operational and monitoring waste management plans which will create continuous improvement on waste management. In the district, it was observed that the bulk of waste generated per month within municipalities is general waste comprising 64%, as compared to garden waste and building rubbles. There are no equipment and programs in place by municipalities to encourage waste separation at source, for example, municipalities do not have household‟s recyclable receptacles to encourage separation at source. Municipalities do not have weighbridge to quantify waste entering the site. It was observed that Thulamela and Collins Chabane Local municipalities create compost from garden waste received at the landfill sites, whereas Musina and Makhado Local Municipalities do not create compost from garden waste. Garden waste is dumped and compacted with other waste materials in the landfills. All municipalities should create compost from garden waste received at the landfill sites as it helps to extend the life span of the landfills because it v reduces the amount of waste to the landfill. There is lack of prioritization within municipalities, for example, in Makhado Local Municipality, when the new financial start, budget is allocated to other proposed projects by councilors as they consider waste management projects not a priority. It was observed that within the district, there is high level of illegal dumping in catchment areas and open spaces especially at Musina Local Municipality. Musina Local Municipality is using a quarry as disposal site which was not lined and it has led to contamination of underground water by leachate, whereas Thulamela, Collins Chabane and Makhado Local Municipalities are using lined landfill sites to avoid contamination of underground water. The available vehicles within the municipalities are not enough to meet the demand and some of them are too old, for example, tractors and trucks used by Makhado Local Municipality are 20 years old and they often breakdown, whereas Thulamela, Collins Chabane and Musina Local Municipalities are not using old vehicles as they auctioned old vehicles and bought new ones. Vhembe District Municipality should manage waste in accordance to the new approach of source separation, waste reduction, reuse and recycling by developing environmental awareness programmes supported by the placement of the recyclable receptacles at strategic points to collect recyclable materials which will reduce large amount of waste which eventually ends up in landfills. The study recommends that municipalities should have law enforcement structure which will create and enforce the laws/policies as it helps municipalities to implement effective waste management system and monitoring structure to monitor prioritization and budget allocation to avoid any wastage. Municipalities should have landfill monitoring committees to facilitate the compliance on the development and operation of the landfills to avoid the use of quarry as landfill sites. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Vhembe District Municipality en_US
dc.subject Waste management en_US
dc.subject Potential implications en_US
dc.subject Factors hindering solid waste management en_US
dc.subject.ddc 623.7540968257
dc.subject.lcsh Refuse and refuse disposal -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Municipal government -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Local government -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Waste disposal -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Sewage disposal -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Waste disposal in the ground -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.title Investigation of municipal solid waste management: a case study of Vhembe District Municipality, South Africa en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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