Assessment of sustainability of livelihoods of households in "Fast Track" resettlement areas of Shamva District in Zimbabwe

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dc.contributor.advisor Francis, J.
dc.contributor.advisor Mathaulula, M. A.
dc.contributor.author Vhiga, Hope Luke
dc.date 2019
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-03T08:37:24Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-03T08:37:24Z
dc.date.issued 2019-05-17
dc.identifier.citation Vhiga, Hope Luke (2019) Assessment of sustainability of livelihoods of households in "Fast Track" resetllement areas of Shamva District in Zimbabwe, University of Venda, South Africa.<http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1311>.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1311
dc.description MRDV en_US
dc.description Institute for Rural Development
dc.description.abstract Two decades after the “Fast Track” land resettlement in Zimbabwe, little is known about the sustainability of livelihoods of households that benefited from the programme. “Fast Track” refers to the accelerated land resettlement which started in 2000 in Zimbabwe. The government of Zimbabwe argues that it introduced it as an intervention strategy to enhance the livelihoods of marginalised indigenous people. However, the nature of the fast track land resettlement has been met with considerable criticism. An exploratory study that sought to assess the sustainability of livelihoods through obtaining the perspectives of men, women and youth in fast track resettlement areas of Shamva District was carried out. Focus group discussions and semi-structured interview guides were used to obtain the perceptions. The attempt to understand the sustainability of livelihoods involved determining the perceived (a) major features of sustainable livelihoods, (b) criteria for assessing sustainability of livelihoods, and (c) livelihood strategies adopted. Data were coded and analysed using Atlas-it version 7.5 software. Dependability of livelihoods, ability to recover from stress, extent to which livelihoods conserved the environment, ease with which livelihoods were interchanged and ability to close the gap between rich and poor members of society were the perceived features of sustainable livelihoods. Criteria for assessing the sustainability of livelihoods included the ability of livelihoods to contribute to development, provide a stable flow of income, promotion of social development, potential for growth and ability to conserve the environment. Petty trading, agricultural intensification, self-employment and community savings were the main livelihood strategies pursued in the fast track resettlement areas of Shamva District. Inherent challenges that inhibited the sustainability of livelihoods were cited as lack of infrastructure, poor markets for agricultural products and poor communication. The use of participatory research was crucial in co-creation of knowledge with the resettled farmers. The information generated is useful for crafting empowerment strategies in the fast track resettled farming communities. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (108 leaves : color illustrations, color maps)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Fast Track Resettlement en_US
dc.subject Shamva District en_US
dc.subject Sustainable livelihoods en_US
dc.subject Community voices en_US
dc.subject.ddc 363.583096891
dc.subject.lcsh Households -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh Housing -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh Human settlements -- Zimbabwe
dc.subject.lcsh Zimbabwe -- Social conditions
dc.title Assessment of sustainability of livelihoods of households in "Fast Track" resettlement areas of Shamva District in Zimbabwe en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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