Combining Ability for Ear Prolificacy and Response of Prolific Maize (Zea May L.) Hybrids to Low Nitrogen Stress

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dc.contributor.advisor Gwata, E. T.
dc.contributor.advisor Mashingaidze, K.
dc.contributor.author Makhumbila, Penny
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-04T06:57:37Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-04T06:57:37Z
dc.date.issued 2018-09-21
dc.identifier.citation Makhumbila, Penny (2018) Combining Ability for Ear Prolificacy and Response of Prolific Maize (Zea May L.) Hybrids to Low Nitrogen Stress, University of Venda, South Africa.<http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1197>.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1197
dc.description MSCAGR (Plant Production)
dc.description Department of Plant Production
dc.description.abstract Smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa still obtain low grain yields in maize largely due to low soil fertility. The soils are inherently low in nitrogen (N) that is required for the proper development of the maize plant. Currently there are no commercial cultivars for low N tolerance locally. The combining ability approach can be used as a tool for breeding desirable cultivars. In order to improve grain yield in maize, it is important to consider ear prolificacy which is a major yield component. Therefore this study was designed to estimate combining ability in maize. Exotic germplasm from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center and the Institute of Tropical Agriculture as well as the local germplasm from the Agricultural Research Council was used in the study to generate crosses. One hundred and two crosses were evaluated together with a standard commercial check under low N and optimum N conditions. The specific objectives of the study were to determine general and specific combining ability for prolificacy among local and exotic inbred lines and evaluate the response of prolific hybrids to low N conditions. The hybrids were planted in the 2014/2015 summer season under irrigation in Potchefstroom, Cedara and Taung in field plots consisting of 0.75m x 0.25m spacing in a 0.1 alpha lattice design replicated twice. Data for agronomic attributes were recorded and subjected to analysis of variance using SAS version 9.1.3. Genetic correlations were analyzed using the Principal Components Analysis and factor analysis based on the correlation analysis and major traits. The results showed variation in agronomic performance among the inbred lines and their F1 hybrids. Inbred lines including TZEI63, T1162W, L15 and L17 showed positive GCA estimates for ear prolificacy at the different locations. Specific combining ability for prolific hybrids was positive at all locations and environments. The GCA:SCA ratio was close to unity; indicating that the number of ears per plant showed highly significant (P<0.01) correlation with grain yield. The hybrids showed ear prolificacy under the low N conditions. This trait can be used effectively in stress tolerance maize breeding programmes. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xii, 76 leaves : color illustrations)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject General and specific combining abilities en_US
dc.subject Inbred line
dc.subject Maize
dc.subject Prolificacy
dc.subject Grain yield
dc.subject.ddc 635.670968
dc.subject.lcsh Corn -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Zea -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Corn -- Breeding -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Hybrid corn
dc.subject.lcsh Corn -- Effect of global warming on.
dc.subject.lcsh Corn -- Effect of stress on.
dc.title Combining Ability for Ear Prolificacy and Response of Prolific Maize (Zea May L.) Hybrids to Low Nitrogen Stress en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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