Realisation of the right of water of rural communities through affirmative action on water service delivery in South Africa

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dc.contributor.advisor Jegede, A. O.
dc.contributor.advisor Choma, H. J.
dc.contributor.author Shikwambane, Pumzile
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-13T06:59:52Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-13T06:59:52Z
dc.date.issued 2017-05-18
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/712
dc.description LLM
dc.description Department of Public Law
dc.description.abstract Historically, there were enormous differences and inequalities with regard to service delivery in South Africa. Traceable to the apartheid period, these inequalities included, inter alia, supply of inadequate and safe drinking water for black communities in particular those at rural areas. Yet, water is an essential necessity for human beings, regardless of race, disability and social status. As a legislative measure to redress the injustices of the apartheid regime, the right to have access to sufficient water is entrenched in Section 27(1) (b) of the South African Constitution of 1996. Also, several legal instruments such as the National Water Act of 1998 and the Water Service Act of 1997 were enacted to uphold the human right to water. The Constitution bestowed the responsibility of water supply and management to the national, provincial and the local government. Despite its inadequacy, the South African government is addressing the water needs of the most impoverished communities by guaranteeing each household a free minimum quantity of potable water of 25 litres per person per day or 6 kiloliters per household per month. Any person who needs more will come under privatisation model which key provisions on the existing law favors. About 38.4% of the population of South Africa who reside in rural communities are poor and mostly affected by inadequate water service delivery in that they cannot afford payment for water in excess of the minimum for which no fees is charged. As a concept, affirmative action is generally used in the context of work places to ensure that qualified marginalized groups have equal opportunities to get a job, but it is not yet investigated in the context of water service delivery. This study assessed laws governing water service delivery and explored how affirmative action can be used as an instrument to ensure the delivery of potable water to rural population in South Africa. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Affirmative action en_US
dc.subject Right to water en_US
dc.subject Privatisation en_US
dc.subject Rural communities en_US
dc.subject Water service delivery en_US
dc.subject.ddc 346.043268
dc.subject.lcsh Water -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Water -- Distribution -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Water quality -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Water -- Law and legislation -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Human rights -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Water rights -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Riparian rights -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Water-supply, Rural -- South Africa
dc.title Realisation of the right of water of rural communities through affirmative action on water service delivery in South Africa en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US

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