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An evaluation of urban and rural land use change, conflict and competition

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dc.contributor.advisor Musyoki, A.
dc.contributor.advisor Nethengwe, N. S.
dc.contributor.author Nemukula, Nkhangweleni Lennox
dc.date.accessioned 2015-02-06T08:32:03Z
dc.date.available 2015-02-06T08:32:03Z
dc.date.issued 2015-02-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/247
dc.description Department of Geography amd Geo-Information Sciences
dc.description PhDGEO
dc.description.abstract This study set out to evaluate the extent of land use change, competition and conflict in Polokwane city and in selected land restitution areas of Limpopo province. The methods of data collection and analysis included document analysis, triangulation of quantitative and qualitative survey methods, use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) techniques and field observations. The restitution studies relied on information from the regional land claims commission regarding land dispossessions, land claims and post settlement activities which were analysed using content analysis. Land use maps and data from department of land affairs were obtained covering different time periods from 1994 to 2002 and GIS analysis was used to document land use change, competition and conflicts. A questionnaire survey involving a sample of 240 residents, 164 business people and 16 government officials was conducted and analysed quantitatively to establish perceptions and experiences with land use changes. In-depth interviews with key informants were also conducted and information analysed qualitatively. The researcher also engaged in extensive field observations in the city and surrounding land restitution areas. The study found that both Polokwane city and the surrounding land reform areas were characterised by rapid land use change, competing interests, conflict, disputes and tensions related to access, control and use of land resources historically and currently. Other key findings include the fact that the structure of Polokwane area is a result of apartheid planning. It has a distorted spatial pattern, the result of political factors that can be identified as: a legacy of apartheid; land use policy; competition among potential users; inadequate legislation and planning; low provisions for land use control and rezoning; land use speculation and lack of adequate public participation in the planning processes. Polokwane interaction with the rural areas is inadequate and does not support development of these areas leading to persistent service delivery issues. A management strategy is recommended with the following features: Capacity building, Conflict resolution, Stakeholders participation and Governance. Adequate land use control mechanism need to be put in place; public policies should minimise conflicts between alternative land development strategies; existing policies and procedures applicable to land management should be reviewed. An effective national land reform programme is required to drive development; public participation is key in all planning activities. Mediation is essential because it is a more efficient and less costly means of concluding land use conflicts. Polokwane needs to play a greater role in managing land use, changes, competition and conflicts both in the capital city and in the surrounding rural areas.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Land use competition en_US
dc.subject Land use change en_US
dc.subject Land restitution and mediation en_US
dc.subject.ddc 333.316825
dc.subject.lcsh Land use -- South frica -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Land use, Rural -- South frica -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Land settlement -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.title An evaluation of urban and rural land use change, conflict and competition en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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