Low Field Microwave Absorption in Nano-Magnetic Participle - incorporated YBa2Cu3O7-z Superconducting Materials

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dc.contributor.advisor Vallabhapurapu, Vijaya Srinvasu
dc.contributor.advisor Maluta, Nnditsheni Eric
dc.contributor.advisor Kirui, Joseph Kiprono
dc.contributor.author Nemangwele, Fhulufhelo
dc.date 2018
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-06T09:52:51Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-06T09:52:51Z
dc.date.issued 2018-09-21
dc.identifier.citation Nemangwele, Fhulufhelo (2018) Low Field Microwave Absorption in Nano-Magnetic Participle - incorporated YBa2Cu3O7-z Superconducting Materials, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, <http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1242>
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1242
dc.description PhD (Physics)
dc.description Department of Physics
dc.description.abstract Understanding how and why superconductivity (SC) occurs in a given material has been very challenging for physicists for more than a hundred years, notwithstanding the major milestones, such as the London theory, the Landau-Ginzburg theory, and the BCS theory. The extreme challenge to predict the occurrence of SC is symbolized by the long string of unanticipated but breathtaking advances, i.e., the unexpected discoveries of cuprates and Fe-pnictides being the dramatic modern examples. Because of their incompatibility, the nucleation of SC near a ferromagnet is di cult and has never been realized except for the case that another superconductor provides proximity-boosted Cooper pairs. This perceived necessity to start with another superconductor is engrained in the exten- sive study of the proximity e ect in superconductor/ferromagnet (S/F) powder sample, where all the structures involve a superconductor with either stable or metastable struc- ture. Compounding the di culty, it is also generally recognized that SC with substantial Tc is favourable in low dimensionality because of strong quantum uctuation. In this thesis, we report a serendipitous nding of SC that emerges under the most implausible circumstances in low eld microwave absorption measurement. This new revelation may lead to unconventional avenues to explore novel SC for applications in superconducting spintronics. By means of a varienty of techniques, including EPR, SEM, FTIR, PPMS/VSM and XRD, nanonickel incorporated YBCO in di erent weighting factors have been studied. With its complex chemical structure and magnetic properties, Ni-YBCO is far from well understood and the magentic behavior of the system under di erent conditions is investi- gated. From the dilute mixture of nanonickel particles, it is found that groups of normal Josephson junctions (JJs) and JJs due to YBCO-nickel-YBCO interparticle weaklinks form as nickel is ferromagnetic. We experimentally show, for the rst time multiple phase reversals in the non-resonant microwave absorption (NRMA) spectra from Ni-YBCO pos- sibly, due to the formation of JJs. We also show that these multiple phase reversals then vii depend on microwave power and temperature. We argue that microwave power induced coherence among some groups of JJs and breaking of some of the weaker JJs can then lead to the disappearance of multiple phase reversals at higher microwave power levels. Further, we also report a role of pair breaking e ects that shall give a linear eld de- pendence of the derivative microwave absorption signal, which is essentially the NRMA signal. This pair-breaking e ect dominates at temperatures closer to Tc as expected thermodynamically. The presence of two peaks in the system, results in high permeability ferromagnet which acts as a magnetic short circuit for magnetic ux density and creates low reluctance path. A transition from normal to anomalous does not occur in this work, because of the possibility of junction in the sample. As predictable at the region around the origin where the weaklinks are supposed to be very strong for a very low doping or low nanonickel addition ( 0.5 % wt), not much e ect was observed. However, when the nanonickel addition is increased to 2 % and 3% we see a signi cant change in the magnetization and the associated hysteresis, indicating ux pinning. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource ( xv, 142 leaves, illustration)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Field en_US
dc.subject Absorption en_US
dc.subject Nano-Magnetic Particle en_US
dc.subject Superconducting en_US
dc.subject.ddc 621.35
dc.subject.lcsh Superconductivity
dc.subject.lcsh Superconductors -- Magnetic properties
dc.subject.lcsh Nanotechnology
dc.subject.lcsh Nanostructure materials
dc.title Low Field Microwave Absorption in Nano-Magnetic Participle - incorporated YBa2Cu3O7-z Superconducting Materials en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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