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A study of land use conflicts in Mapungubwe area

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dc.contributor.advisor Sinthumule, N. I.
dc.contributor.advisor Nelwamondo, T.
dc.contributor.author Ratshivhadelo, Tshimangadzo
dc.date 2018
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-03T10:29:17Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-03T10:29:17Z
dc.date.issued 2018-09-21
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1181
dc.description MENVSC
dc.description Department of Ecology and Resource Management
dc.description.abstract This study uses lens to understand conflict over the use of land and its resources in the Mapungubwe area. The main underlying assumption of the study is that various land use activities that are not compatible with each other lead to land use conflict. The aim of the study is to assess land use conflict in the Mapungubwe area. In particular, the study intends to find out the historical and contemporary land-use conflict, compare and contrast the historical conservation objectives with the current conservation objectives in the Mapungubwe area, find out the reasons that made farmers to oppose conservation objectives now and in the 1940s and to investigate the effects of historical and contemporary land use conflict in the Mapungubwe area. In order to achieve these objectives, primary and secondary data were collected. Secondary data that was used included historical documents about Mapungubwe, Hansards or House of Assembly debates of South Africa from 1940 to 1948, newspapers articles, books and journal articles. Secondary data were used to find out the historical land use conflict that took place in the Mapungubwe area. Primary data were collected through semi-structured interviews with private game farmers, commercial irrigation farmers, farm workers (former and current), Mapungubwe National Park officials and land claimants. Field observations were used to corroborate information collected through interviews. Primary data were collected in order to find out the contemporary land use conflict taking place in the Mapungubwe area. The main findings of this study are that land use conflict in Mapungubwe area is not new; rather it started in the 1940s when the United Party government intended to establish the Dongola Wildlife Sanctuary. However, the idea of a wildlife sanctuary led to land use conflict, particularly between farmers and the ruling United Party government. In other words, land use conflict was mainly among conservationists (who were members of United Party) and farmers. Unfortunately, the idea of a wildlife sanctuary in the Mapungubwe area was caught up in political battles between the governing United Party and the opposition National Party that eventually led to its abandonment following the electoral victory of the National Party in the general elections of 1948. The study also found that the contemporary Mapungubwe is also affected by land use conflict. The conflict is mainly because of various land use activities including irrigation farming, game farming, mining, settlement, and land claims that are not compatible with conservation. Land use activities including irrigation and ii game farming, settlement and mining are happening within and around Mapungubwe National Park. This has made it difficult to consolidate the core area of Mapungubwe National Park. As a result, although Mapungubwe National Park has been established in 1995, the park remains fragmented. This study has used Mapungubwe as a case study to demonstrate that the interest over land and its resources in an area by various stakeholders create land use conflict. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (x, 85 leaves: color illustrations, color maps)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Land use conflict en_US
dc.subject Human wildlife conflict en_US
dc.subject Protected areas en_US
dc.subject Wildlife conservation en_US
dc.subject Private land ownership en_US
dc.title A study of land use conflicts in Mapungubwe area en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US


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