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Protest and identity in the context of Sacred spaces: A historical appraisal of three selected sacred sites of the Eastern Free State

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dc.contributor.advisor Masoga, M. A.
dc.contributor.advisor Raselekoane, N. R.
dc.contributor.author Ngobese, Derrick Horecious Dalifa
dc.date 2018
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-05T08:20:49Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-05T08:20:49Z
dc.date.issued 2018-05-18
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1105
dc.description PhD (African Studies)
dc.description Centre for African Studies
dc.description.abstract Sacred sites are the preferred space for ritual performances and identity construction from which the issue of sensitive structures, distinctive features, individual interpretations, and symbol and meaning emanates. The history and importance of Motouleng, Mautse and Mantsopa caves (Eastern Free State, SA) for different religious persuasions, indigenous knowledge and ancestral veneration of Africans and traditional healers, were investigated apropos of the following: namely, how sacred sites are exemplifications of African indigenous religion; why they form locations of cultural and spiritual expression, and why they may be regarded as pertinent nodes of identity construction in a vibrant, changing, South African society. This study explored the way in which interpersonal experiences of the cave dwellers shape their sense of self, and the conflict they encounter in the context of interaction, in which identities are constructed and deconstructed in various ways. African religion, landscape and social identity theories are the basis of all theoretical claims utilised here. An interpretative phenomenological analysis research method was explored, to provide a detailed personal experience and examination of the participant’s life world on various issues pertaining to contestation and identity construction at the sacred space of the Eastern Free State. The existence of these sites poses a number of challenges to cave dwellers, land owners, heritage practitioners, and to continued preservation, management and restoration of the said sites. Crucial to this debate is how these sites may be protected both physically and legally. The study used qualitative findings to discover new ideas on identity construction and adjunct belief systems. The study also used thematic analysis to evaluate the research findings and make predictions on the effects on protest and contestation by cave dwellers around sacred spaces. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (xv, 252 leaves : color illustrations, color maps)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Sacred space en_US
dc.subject Cave en_US
dc.subject Protest en_US
dc.subject Identity en_US
dc.subject Rituals en_US
dc.subject African religion en_US
dc.subject Belief systems en_US
dc.title Protest and identity in the context of Sacred spaces: A historical appraisal of three selected sacred sites of the Eastern Free State en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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