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Factors contributing to cigarette smoking and its health effects amongst university students South Africa

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dc.contributor.advisor Mashau, N. S.
dc.contributor.advisor Tshitangano, T. G.
dc.contributor.author Thendele, Mervis
dc.date 2017
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-25T09:41:30Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-25T09:41:30Z
dc.date.issued 2018-05-18
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11602/1081
dc.description MPH
dc.description Department of Public Health
dc.description.abstract Background: Globally, cigarette smoking is causing preventable deaths in developing countries affecting especially the youth. Historically, cigarette smoking is known to be more common among adults but is also becoming common among students. Purpose: The study aimed to investigate factors contributing to cigarette smoking and its health consequences amongst students of the University of Venda in South Africa. Methodology: A quantitative approach using a descriptive cross- sectional design was adopted. Convenience sampling was used to randomly select 428 respondents. A self-reporting questionnaire with closed ended questions was administered to respondents between the ages of 17-40 years who suited the inclusion criteria. Permission to conduct the research was obtained from the Ethics Committee of the University of Venda. Data were analysed using SPSS version 23 and presented in the form of tables and charts. Pearson’s chi squares were used to test significant relationships between variables and smoking status. Results: A total of 407 students participated in the study. Of the 407, 208 (51%) of respondents were female students. The mean age of the study population was 24 years. Of these 407, 175(43%) reported being smokers 232 (57%) were nonsmokers. More smokers were observed among the male respondents and registered for first and second years. There was a significant relationship between age, gender, religion, school of affiliation, amount of pocket money and smoking status (P-value=0.05).The results showed that the majority of the respondents285 (70%) agreed to the belief that students smoked cigarettes due to availability of cigarettes at every corner of the campus, 281 (79%) peer influenced by friends 289 (71%) family members who smoke, and 313 (76.8%)increase social interaction. The majority of the students were knowledgeable about health consequences caused by smoking. Nonsmoking students were more knowledgeable about harmful effects of smoking as compared to smokers (P=0.00. Conclusion: The study concludes that students smokes cigarettes due to being a friend with someone who smokes, being in new a environment, stress, depression, observation of other students smoking, no signage prohibiting smoking and lack of knowledge regarding health en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NRF en_US
dc.format.extent 1 online resource (x, 91 leaves : color illustrations, color maps)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights University of Venda
dc.subject Cigarette en_US
dc.subject Smoking en_US
dc.subject Students en_US
dc.subject Smoking behaviours en_US
dc.subject Health-related knowledge about cigarette smoking en_US
dc.subject.ddc 613.850968257
dc.subject.lcsh Smoking -- South Africa -- Limpopo
dc.subject.lcsh Cigarette smoke
dc.subject.lcsh Tobacco -- Physiological effect
dc.subject.lcsh Cigarette smoking
dc.title Factors contributing to cigarette smoking and its health effects amongst university students South Africa en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US


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